The majority of foreign citizens who wish to enjoy a stay in the russian federation are required to apply for a visa for russia, although the type of travel document required will depend on nationality, as well as the purpose and duration of the stay. If you are outside russia or kazakhstan and are required to undertake biometrics, please visit the department’s website for information on your nearest biometrics collection centre. Travellers arriving by cruise ships that dock for less than 72 hours in st. Petersburg (and some other port cities) may be allowed to enter russia visa-free if they are part of a tour organised by the cruise operator or registered tour operator.
A very good option is cherehapa , a russian company specializing in travel insurance. Russian authorities require travellers to declare certain categories of goods such as antiques and valuable musical instruments. The certificate should contain passport details of the holder, information on the duration of their stay in russia, and the particulars of the hiv test (date, medication series used, official stamp of the medical facility that conducted the test, the signatures of the doctor and the person tested).
If tour group or cruise passenger: letter from tour company or cruise line confirming itinerary and including a copy of the confirmation from authorized russian travel company which shows the reference number and confirmation number for the visa. Next, you need to indicate who is paying for the trip to russian as well as the hotels you will be staying in including the name and address (these should coincide with those listed in your visa support).
As an individual, you can have your visa processed at any consulate of the russian embassy in the united states (which can be found in washington, new york, san francisco, houston, and seattle) as well as at the Russian Visa center in usa, an independent business that is subcontracted by the russian embassy in the usa which also has delegations in these same cities.
Also, note that tourists from all over the world on board large cruise ships have the right to stay in the russian federation without a visa for up to 72 hours provided living on board of a ferry or within a territory defined by the group tour program. You can start the process of obtaining an invitation 45 days prior to the actual travel date.